Jharkhand Economy Survey | Jharkhand GK in English

Jharkhand Economy Survey, contains detailed points of schemes and programme of the state government. Important for JPSC and JSSC exams.

Jharkhand Economy Survey 2019-20

  • Per Capita Income (PCI) 2017-18 = rs 69,265 Rank ( 25 )
  • “Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises” (CGTMSE). On the basis of CGTMSE guidelines, MSE loans up to Rs. 2 crores are eligible for a credit-guarantee-cover and this cover is extended to those entrepreneurs who have viable projects/ proposals but lack adequate collateral security to offer. 

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  • Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY) is a scheme for providing loans up to 10 lakhs to the non-corporate, non-farming small/micro enterprises.
  • The Stand-Up India Scheme facilitates bank loans between Rs 10 lakhs and Rs 1 crore to at least one Scheduled Caste (SC) or Scheduled Tribe (ST) borrower and at least one woman borrower per bank branch for setting up a green-field enterprise.
  • RBI resolved for increasing financial inclusion, every village with a population of more than 5000 must have a bank branch/banking outlet (BC) by 31.3.17. 
  • Saturation is 100 per cent under the Rural Electrification programme “SAHAJ”.
  • Developing agricultural resources under MGNREGA (Jharkhand tops this ranking of state followed by Telangana and Lakshadweep).

CNT ACT

  • The maximum number of women who were provided employment under MGNREGA were in Giridih and the least number were in Khunti.
  • e-SAKSHAM It is a digital platform for providing training in the use of GIS based applications such as Bhuvan Portal, Google earth pro etc. 
  • JSLPS has helped create a network of 788 Business Correspondent (BC) agents who work at the village level and provide banking services at door steps.
  • Aajeevika Sansadhan Kendra (ASK)- JSLPS has focused on goat, backyard poultry and duck based livelihood intervention and the emphasis was on the establishment of Resources Centre.
  • Four different schemes at the local village-level development i.e. Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY), PM Adarsh Gram Yojana (PM-AGY), CM SMART Gram Panchayat Yojana (CM- SGY) and MLA Adarsh Gram Yojana (AGY) have been integrated under the Jharkhand Integrated Adarsh Gram Yojana (JIGAY) by the department of Rural development, government of Jharkhand.
  • Adarsh Gram Yojana : 100 villages out of which 81 villages were selected by 81 MLAs and 19 native villages of the renowned and acclaimed revolutionaries of Jharkhand have been selected as targets under the AGY programme.
  • “Hamari Yojana Hamara Vikas” aka “our plan our development” – is the new age rural development mantra of the Panchayati Raj Institution. Jharkhand Economy Survey
  • Length of the roads constructed after the formation of the state – 22270.93 kilometres (as on 31st March 2019).
  • Jharkhand was declared 100 per cent ODF on 2nd October 2019. The department organized Swachhta Diwas on the 19th of every month across all schools in the districts to spread awareness. On the 2nd of every month, a Swachhata Sabha.
  • As per the Census 2011, only 24.05 per cent population of the state lived in the urban areas while the corresponding figure at the national level was 32 per cent.
  • Jharkhand has been awarded the 2nd best cleanest state of Swachh Survekshan 2019.
  • Phusro Nagar Parishad is a notified town in the Bokaro district of Jharkhand. It has been awarded the Best City in ‘Solid Waste Management’ in East Zone in the population category between 50,000 and 1 lakh.
  • Gumla Nagar Panchayat : has been awarded the ‘Best City in Innovations and Best Practices’ from the urban local bodies who participated in Swachh Survekshan 2019 assessment from the East zone in the population- category of 50000 to 1 lakh ULB led-innovation and best practices.
  • The ranking of Ranchi Smart City during the initial phase in 2016 was 26th among the 100 Smart Cities. In 2018, the ranking of Ranchi Smart City has increased to 3rd position and it has continued its position till 2019. At present the ranking of Ranchi Smart City is 4th among the 100 Smart Cities. Jharkhand Economy Survey
  • Ranchi Smart City has been awarded for BEST PERFORMANCE in implementation of the Smart Cities Mission among round -2 cities by Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) in January-2020.
  • 2018-19, more than 66 per cent of the area under Kharif crop is occupied by paddy.
  • Groundnut is the most important oilseed grown in the Kharif season in this state.
  • wheat occupied about 20 per cent, gram occupied about 25 per cent and rapeseed/mustard occupied about 31 per cent of total area under Rabi crops.
  • Mukhymantri Krishi Aashirwad Yojana (MMKAY) 2019 :- is the first scheme by the state government that provides 100 percent settlement through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) medium. Under the first phase of the MMKAY scheme, Rs 5000 will be disbursed to 13.60 lakh farmers for each acre of their land with a maximum amount of Rs 25,000.
  • Jharkhand has become the first state in the country to establish a comprehensive protocol to identify ‘hunger deaths’  medical check-up of the surviving family within 24 hours.
  • Jharkhand is a moderately industrialized state. Among the 34 states and union territories Jharkhand ranked 20th in the number of factories, 13th in terms of fixed capital, 17th in the number of workers engaged and 16th in terms of the total output and net value added.  Jharkhand Economy Survey
  • The Government of India has approved the setting up of a Plastic Park in the Deoghar District of Jharkhand.
  • The total power availability was about 8759 MW in the year 2009-10 and the present power availability in the year 2018-19 has been 13820 MW. 
  • A total of 9762 MW was made available in 2019 in the form of thermal power. Besides this, 1503 MW of hydropower-energy and 515.9 MW of renewable energy were available as of 2019.
  • Saral-Samiksha : Saral Samiksha is an online project-monitoring tool to ensure the real-time monitoring of all the on-going projects, transformer repair-works and inventory management.
  • Sashakt : to provide enhanced consumer services.
  • Saksham : It is important for every organization in the power sector to enhance the efficiency of its staff at every level of work-execution, to attract and retain talent, identify and groom future leaders.
  • Suvidha : In line with the vision of the Central Government under the SAUBHAGYA scheme, JBVNL has taken upon itself the task to provide connection to every household of the state by the end of the calendar year 2018.
  • Saubhagya Yojana : The plan is to make Jharkhand an electricity hub by 2022.
  • The state government has established new gliding training centres at Dumka and Dhanbad.
  • Jharkhand State Information and Communication Network which is known as JharNet or SWAN (State Wide Area Network).

Literacy Rate ( 2017-18 )

  • Male = 80.7
  • Female = 62.6
  • Total = 71.8
  • Gender Parity = 0.78
  • In Jharkhand the literacy-rate of rural males has increased from about 61 per cent in 2001 to about 78 per cent in 2017-18.
  • ‘zero dropout panchayats’ 2016-17 :  the rate of school-dropouts from these panchayats has become nil.
  • Jharkhand Balika Awasiya Vidyalaya is a special programme of the state Government to promote Girls’ Education in Jharkhand.
  • A total of twenty Samarth Awasiye Vidyalayas of special category have been set up in the different districts of Jharkhand. The children affected from naxal activities, children with single-parent and orphans. 
  • Akansha : In order to ensure free and fair examinations, all matriculation and intermediate board exams in the year 2018 were conducted under the vigilance of CCTV cameras.
  • ‘E-Vidyavahini’ has been initiated under the aegis of ‘gyanoday’ Scheme : A live daily update of relevant data can be tracked by any district official.
  • SATHE-E: With an objective to convert Jharkhand into a model state for education and also to build academic competitiveness, the NITI Aayog selected Jharkhand for its Sath-E project in 2017-18.
  • Jharkhand had an outstanding performance in the ‘Clean School Competition’ in the year 2017- 18. A total of 52 schools were awarded at the national level out of which three schools were from Jharkhand. 
  • Jharkhand stood ‘third’ amongst all the states and fourth amongst states and Union Territories. Jharkhand secured the first position amongst eastern and north-eastern states. In the parameters of cleanliness,
  • The NITI Aayog report on ‘Healthy States Progressive India 2019’ shows that Jharkhand ranks 14 in the overall performance.
  • To boost the healthcare-delivery-system in cities, the Jharkhand Government has started Atal Mohalla Clinic in different parts of the state.
  • Targeting the Hardcore Poor (THP) Project for vulnerable families in the year 2017- 18. The department is implementing the THP project in association with the Bandhan-Konnagar and Abdul Latif Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) in Dumka (Dumka Sadar and Masalia blocks) and
  • West Singhbhum (Tonto & Jhinkpani blocks) districts of Jharkhand since May 2017. The objective of the THP project is to graduate the poorest of the poor 2000 single women-headed ST families from the poverty-line in 24 months.

SPORTS :-

  • Volleyball training centre in Godda
  • Residential hockey boys training centre, Larchagarh, Simdega

Jharkhand Economy Survey 2018-19

  • The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) of Jharkhand has decreased at the rate of about 7 per cent per annum – from 0.425 in the year 2004-05 to 0.205 in the year 2015-16.
  • Under the aegis of PMMY, MUDRA has created three products namely ‘Shishu’, ‘Kishore’ and ‘Tarun’ to signify the stage of growth.

Panchayati Raj

  • Panchayati Raj = The state also falls in the jurisdiction of the fifth schedule under which 13 districts are fully and 3 districts are partially under PESA.
  • No of gram panchayats = 4398
  • The state’s PRIs the women’s participation is above 52% which is higher than the women-representation in both the houses of Parliament (around 11%) and state legislature (around 10%).
  • 2015-16, the state launched the People’s Plan Campaign in Jharkhand under the banner of “HUMARI YOJANA HUMARA VIKAS”. = firstly, to provide a VISION of what the people would like their village to look like and secondly, it sets out clear GOALS to achieve that vision and thirdly, it provides an ACTION PLAN to reach those goals.
  • Sakhi Mandals = The SHGs promoted by JSLPS are called Sakhi Mandals.
  • In June 2018, Grih Lakshmi Self Help Group of Kula village of Bila Panchayat in Goilkera block, West Singhbhum, won the National Award for the Best Performing SHG among the 34 SHGs from across the country.
  • Ek Muthi Chawal Yojana/Programme = ensuring food to the orphans and the elderly in the village.
  • Incense Stick production-cluster is promoted in the five locations of the Ranchi district.
  • Tamarind = A total of 388 MT of tamarinds were produced.

Dakiya Yojana 

  1. was launched in April 2017
  2. PVTG (Primitive Tribal groups) families are receiving 35 kg of rice per month free of cost.
  3. The responsibility for packaging was handed over to the women of Sakhi Mandals run by the JSLPS. Each woman is paid Rs. 12 to pack a bag. Jharkhand Economy Survey
  • JSLPS has launched an Oil Distillation Unit = was inaugurated at the Anigada village of the Khunti district.
  • ‘Skill DEED’ course under DAY-NRLM =  It is a job oriented short term course in skill development.
  • SECURE (Software for Estimate Calculation Using the Rural Rate of Employment): This is a web based application for creating estimates for the MGNREGA works.
  • ‘Birsa Munda Horticulture Scheme’ implemented under MNREGA is an effort to financially empower the tribals, the small and marginal farmers.  in the nine blocks of ‘Khunti, Gumla, Latehar and Pakur’.
  • Horticultural land in Jharkhand (60% of the total cultivated land is Up-land).
  • JOHAR project = It is focusing on the Pisciculture Fishery Development with precision.
  • 80% of the rural population of Jharkhand is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood.
  • Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) = The Bokaro district has shown promising development, with 46%.
  • Jharkhand Horticulture Intensification by Micro Drip Irrigation Project funded by Japanese ODA loan = aims to provide strong and sustainable agriculture-based livelihood through drip-irrigation. It will cover 9 districts and 30 blocks of Jharkhand.
  • AwaasApp is the mobile application to monitor real time, evidence based progress of house construction through date and time stamped and geo-referenced photographs of the house. Jharkhand Economy Survey
  • First Lift irrigation scheme inaugurated under the JOHAR Project at Sarubera village of Gumla district- this scheme covers 18.13 acres and will benefit 30 farmers.
  • JOHAR is a world bank aided livelihood strengthening, advancement and enhancement project with the primary objective of doubling the real income of rural households.
  • Chief Minister Adarsh Gram Yojana This scheme has been started with the goal of rural development based on technology, accessibility and innovation, under which five Gram Panchayats have been selected = Kantasol (East Singhbhum), Chenaro (Hundarbagh, Bundu (Bokaro) and Shivrajpur (Gumla).
  • Rani Mistri are the women masons and they have found new identity and work due to toilet-constructions under the SBM.
  • “Swachch Jaldhara” is a scheme under which the direct water supply will be made available through deep boring to the households where toilets are being constructed.
  •  As per the 2011 census, 24.05 per cent of its population live in the urban areas. while at the national level 31 per cent of the population live in such areas. Jharkhand Economy Survey
  • The total geographical area of Jharkhand is 79.71 lakh hectares of which almost 29 percent is under forest coverage.
  • The net shown area of the state is 28.36 lakh hectares. Which is almost 36 per cent of the total geographical land of the state. Around 7 per cent of the area accounts for barren land. 
  • More than 60 per cent of the area under Kharif crop is occupied by paddy. Jharkhand Economy Survey
  • The Rabi crops, the largest area under cultivation is dedicated to bengal gram and wheat. 
  • Vishesh Fasal Yojna – The objective of the scheme is to increase the production of special crops. Rajma, Til, Moongfali and Soybean.
  • Jalnidhi Scheme: The aim of this scheme is the construction of a total of 1353 water harvesting structures. (percolation tank) and 1354 deep boring tube wells. In this scheme the state provides 90 per cent subsidy and the beneficiary contributes 10 percent of the total project cost.
  • Jharkhand’s first two day long Global and Agriculture and Food Summit was held on the 29th and 30th of November, 2018 at Khelgaon in Ranchi.

PVTG Dakiya Scheme :

  • It is an innovative scheme of the Jharkhand government, started from April 2017, aims at providing food grains to the Primitive Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) population. Under this scheme, a PVTG family is provided 35 Kg of food grains free of cost. Jharkhand Economy Survey
  • There are 15 wildlife sanctuaries in Jharkhand.
  • Chotanagpur Tenancy Act 1908 (CNT 1908) and Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act, 1949 (SPT 1949) are applicable to the entire state.
  • Under the Amritsar-Kolkata Industrial Corridor project, there is a proposal to set up an integrated industrial corridor at Barhi in the Hazaribagh district on 2,500 acres of land. 
  • Sahibganj is being developed as a multimodal hub under the Sagarmala project.
  • Dry ports in Bokaro and Dhanbad.
  • Jharkhand ranks first in the production of Tasar Silk and produces about 70% of the tasar silk in the country. During the annual plan of 2017-2018 total 2211 M.T. of tasar was produced.
  • Golden-Quadrangular-Super-Highway which passes through Jharkhand, is very close to some of the cities of Jharkhand viz. Dhanbad, Hazaribagh, Bokaro, Giridih, and Barhi. Jharkhand Economy Survey
  • ‘go’ and ‘no go’ zoning has been developed for mining clearance.
  • Jharkhand, in its Industrial and Investment Promotion Policy 2016 has declared textile as the “Thrust Area”.

Jharkhand has developed few parks in the Textile and Apparel sectors and has proposed to build a few more in this area:

  • Silk park at Rajnagar (Saraikela- Kharsawan) 
  • Silk Park at Irba, Ranchi 
  • Mega Textile park at Deoghar
  • The density of rural roads in the state is 813.80 km per 1000 square km whereas the national density is 1288.74 km per 1000 square km.
  • A total of 9762 MW ( Coal ) was produced in 2018. Besides this, 1503 MW of hydropower energy and 515.9 MW of renewable energy were available as in 2018.

Jharkhand Bijli Vitran Nigam Limited (JBVNL)

  • Saral Samiksha is an online project-monitoring-tool to ensure real-time monitoring of all on-going projects.
  • SUVIDHA =  providing connection to every household of the state by the end of the calendar year 2018.
  • Tilka Manjhi Krishi Pump Yojana was started to encourage agricultural practices among farmers in the financial year 2015-16. 
  • Under Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan, 583 nos. of Solar Powered Water Pump sets have been installed in Deoghar District.
  • Jharkhand ranks 22nd on the aggregate infrastructure index which covers the power, communication and transportation sectors.  
  • In terms of the transport- sector infrastructure, Jharkhand ranks 14th.
  • The state government is planning to develop the airport in line with the Deoghar, and Baliapur ( Dhanbad ), Chiyanki (Daltonganj)
  • There are more than 20302 Pragya Kendras in Jharkhand.
  • Rural Development & Self Employment Training Institute (RUDSETI) in Silli Ranchi. 
  • Gross enrolment ratio = GER is the ratio of total enrolment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that corresponds to the same level of education. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of the over-aged and under-aged students, because of early or late school entrance, and grade repetition.
  • GER at the primary level. Chatra with 129.4 per cent is at the top of this list whereas East Singhbhum with only 76.6 percent is at the bottom.
  • Net enrolment ratio = The NER is the total enrolment of the population of the age group that corresponds to the same level of education. Thus NER cannot exceed 100 percent.
  • Project SATH-E is a collaboration between the NITI Ayog and the state of Jharkhand and BCC to convert Jharkhand into a model state on education. The three major initiatives under the SATH-E are School Reorganization, e Vidya Vahini and Gyan Setu.
  • Nearly 45 percent of the children under five years of age are stunted, 29 per cent are wasted, about 11 per cent are severely wasted and almost 48 per cent are underweight.
  • IMR measures the number of deaths of infants less than one year of age per 1,000 live births. 2016 ( 29 )
  • MMR measures the number of women in their reproductive age (15-49 years) dying due to pregnancy and childbirth related causes per 100,000 live births. 2016 (165 )
  • Jharkhand government plans for complete eradication of incidences of Kala-Azar and drastically reduce mortality due to Japanese Encephalitis by 2030.
  • The state government plans to bring down the TB incidence rate to less than 5 per cent, increase the TB treatment success rate to more than 95 per cent, and reduce mortality due to TB by less than1 percent by 2030.
  • The government plans to eliminate leprosy from the state by 2030.
  • The state govt. has decided to merge Mukyamantri Swasthya Bima Yojana (MSBY) with Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Abhiyan. A new Hybrid Model the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Mission (PMRSSM ) has been created in the state.
  • In order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal6 of Har Ghar Jal by 2030.

 Jharkhand is the best performing state in Swachh Survekshan – 2018

  • Pakur got the first prize for the ‘innovation and best practice’ in the east zone.
  • Ranchi bagged the top rank for being the best capital city for ‘citizen’s feedback’. 
  • Giridih too bagged the top rank for the same across India in the category of small towns which have a population of 1-3 lakhs.
  • Bundu (for towns with less than one lakh population) bagged the award for the cleanest town.
  • Chaibasa bagged the top prize for Solid Waste-Management (SWM) in the same zone.
  • The Xavier Institute of Social Sciences, Ranchi, is the nodal agency for the WHL scheme in Jharkhand. 
  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojna: This is a centrally sponsored scheme which targets the pregnant and lactating mothers who get ₹6000 for the first live-birth through a conditional cash transfer.
  • Swadhar Greh Scheme A Scheme for Women in Difficult Circumstances (SWADHAR), is also a centrally aided programme. The objective of this programme is to provide women with legal aid and guidance to enable them to take steps for their readjustment in families and society. 
  • Mukhyamantri Kanyadan Yojna : Is a state funded scheme to help the needy families meet the wedding expenses of their daughters. Under this scheme, women with an annual family-income of less than ₹72,000 receive a financial assistance of ₹30,000 through DBT when they get married.
  • Tejaswini Yojna : It is the World Bank’s first project in India solely focused on the welfare of adolescent girls and young women (AGWY) in the age group 14-24 years to enable them to complete their secondary education and acquire the market driven skills training for the job market.
  • Mukhyamantri Laxmi Ladli Yojana For the protection, education and secure future of the girl child belonging to the families whose yearly income is not more than ₹72000 per annum, the state government has started Mukyamantri Laxmi Ladly Yojana from the FY 2011-12.
  • The prime goal of this scheme is to provide financial assistance to the BPL families on the birth of a girl child.
  • Under this scheme the state government deposits ₹30000 in the beneficiary account in the Post Office over a period of five years since the birth of a girl child.
  • The share of the disabled in Jharkhand to the total disabled persons in the country is 2.87 as per Census 2011.
  • Swami Vivekananda Nisshakta Svavalamban Protsahan Yojana (SVNSPY):  In this scheme, an amount of ₹600 per month is granted to the disabled persons of the state
  • Every physically challenged person above the age of 5 years is given a monthly stipend of 200 rupees under this programme.
  • Adim Jan Jati (primitive tribes) Pension scheme (AJJPY) : 8 tribes have been identified as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal group (PVTG). These tribes are Asur, Birhor, Birajia, Pahariya, Korwa, Mal Pahariya, Sauria Pahariya and Savar. the eight PVTGs of the state constitute about 3.4 per cent of the tribal population. The scheme entitles each of these families to a monthly pension of ₹600.
  • Rajya Vidhwa Samman Pension Yojna (RVSPY) RVSPY ensures a monthly pension of ₹600 to all the widows in the state who are above 18 years of age to help meet their needs.

Social Composition : 

  • the Scheduled tribe is numerically the major community, constituting about 26.2 per cent of the population of the state. Out of 32.99 million people living in the state, 8.65 million are the Scheduled Tribes. Khunti has the highest and Koderma has the lowest proportion of STs – 73.25 per cent and 0.96 per cent, respectively.
  • 2011 data, the Scheduled Caste and other minority communities comprise 12.08 per cent and 19.12 per cent. Scheduled Caste ranges between 3.16 per cent in Pakur and 32.65 per cent in Chatra.
  • Six of the districts of Jharkhand namely Simdega, Gumla, Khunti, Ranchi, Pakur and Sahebgunj have been recognised as the Minority-Concentrated Districts (MCD) by the Ministry of Minority Affairs of the Government of India.
  • With an objective to preserve and protect the tribal culture in the state, the department has made a provision of Rs. 5500.00 Lakh for ensuring boundary walls of SARNA/MASNA/HADGADI/JAHERSTAN (sacred placed & place of burial) 
  • With an objective to promote the tribal culture of Jharkhand, the department has released Special Postal Cover and My Stamp on 2 tribal festivals (SARHUL and KARMA) during 2018-19. 
  • Pahariya Health Scheme :  scheme makes medical facilities accessible as well as affordable to them. There are 18 Pahariya healthcare centres opened in the Pargana area by the department.
  • Shaheed Gram Vikas Yojana. The key objective of this scheme is to extend tribute to the tribal martyrs who have fought the Indian War of Independence against the British by developing their birthplace as Model Villages.
  • Kalyan Gurukul is the flagship initiative of PReJHA Foundation for placement-linked skill development of the marginalised communities. 
  • Eklavya Vidyalaya/Ashram Vidyalaya :  STs and SCs
  • The forest cover in the state is 23,553 square kilometres, that is, 29.55 per cent of the total geographical areas of the state. 
  • It can be seen that Pashchimi Singhbhum has 3366 square kilometres of its geographical area under forests, and it is the highest in the state. After Paschimi Singhbhum, Latehar has the second highest forest cover in the state. The forest cover is the lowest in the Jamtara district where only 97 square kilometres of area was covered by forests.
  • Mukhyamantri Jan–Van Yojana : Farmers having land from 0.5 acre to 50 acre are eligible under this scheme for plantation on their land. The incentive structure has been changed during the current financial year (2018- 19) and now 75% of cost of plantation and maintenance up to three years will be borne by the State Government. 
  • Nadi Mahotsav and Vrihat Vrikchharopan Abhiyan :- Lack of vegetation on the banks of rivers is leading to soil erosion and is affecting availability of water in the rivers. 
  • Biological Park (Zoo), at Chakla (Ormanjhi) and one Deer Park at Kalamati. A Vulture Conservation and Breeding Centre is being developed at Muta.
  • The highest number of mines of the minor minerals is located in Sahebganj (406) followed by Ranchi (277). 
  • Jharkhand has 82,439.52 million tonnes of coal reserves.

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